Conventional fixed braces are generally regarded to be the most effective in producing superior controlled 3-dimensional tooth movement. This type of brace consists of squares called ‘brackets’ which are cemented onto the enamel on the front of teeth. Wires sit across the brackets. The brackets and wires can be metal (silver-coloured) or tooth-coloured aesthetic (white). The wires and brackets work together to precisely position teeth in ideal positions. This brace is easy to look after and maintain and the white version is virtually unnoticeable.
These fixed braces are placed on the inner surfaces of teeth and cannot be seen from the outside. They operate in a similar manner to conventional fixed braces, and for some provide a more aesthetic option. They consist of metal squares (brackets) and wires and are custom-made for the inner surfaces of teeth of the individual patient.
Invisalign is an innovative system for straightening crooked teeth by using clear removable aligners (gum shield type braces). This system uses advanced computer technology and 3-dimensional modelling to produce a series of clear, transparent aligners or clear braces which are custom made for the patient’s teeth and gradually move teeth into favourable positions within the mouth. These clear braces are often called ‘invisible braces’ and are worn full time and removed by the patient for eating and cleaning.
All patients need to wear retainers after orthodontic treatment. Retainers can be either removable or small fixed wires to teeth.
These are gum shield type retainers that are easily worn and custom made for the individual patient. The patient can remove these retainers for cleaning and eating.
Fixed wire retainers are placed on the inner surfaces of upper or lower front teeth to give added protection to maintaining the final result of teeth.